Every time we eat food, gastric juices, which mainly comprise of hydrochloric acid and digestive enzymes, are secreted into the stomach which help in digestion of the food. Sometimes, the body produces too much of this juice than what is required which causes the excess fluid to reflux into the food pipe or oesophagus. This backward flow of the gastric juices is called acidity or acid reflux. It can trigger symptoms like discomfort or burning sensation in the chest area, known as heartburn. Khatte dakaar or regurgitation occurs when the discomfort reaches the throat area, due to the build-up of bitter/sour acids in the throat or mouth. Other symptoms of acid reflux can be difficulty in swallowing, bad breath, restlessness, nausea, belching, indigestion and constipation.
As the food gets digested, gases are produced in the system as a part of the process which usually pass out in form of burps or flatus. It is a general phenomenon but it can be embarrassing at times, if accompanied with foul smell. In some aggravated situations, when there is excess gas production and/or the gas isn’t able to pass out of the system fully it can cause severe abdominal discomfort. The abdomen would feel swollen up, tight or too full, a condition known as bloating. Often bloating is thought as water retention though both are different terms. It is often caused by some particular foods which doesn’t go well with the system. Therefore, the cause for bloating is very individualistic.